It will be easier for the libraries to provide charged services
Library books are to be delivered free-of-charge, and the libraries are not bookstores. However, some services may be charged, for example: access to digital book databases or printing documents. To simplify these services, Elena Yampolskaya, State Duma Deputy, United Russia, suggests to relieve libraries of mandatoryuse of cash machines.
Today, the libraries, like practically every organization and individual entrepreneurs, must issue receipts or other financial documents and to use cash machines for this purpose. The exceptions are made for several categories of businesses: for example, babysitters taking care of kids or priests exercising religious ceremonies and services.
There is not such relief for the libraries. Meanwhile, due to underfunding, it is hard for them to purchase cash machines, Elena Yampolskaya, First Deputy Chair of the State Duma Committee for Information Policy, Information Technologies and Communications, deputy for Chelyabinsk and Kurgan Oblasts, says.
Thus, Zlatoust City Centralized Library that has approached the deputy with such request will have to pay half of its year revenues to purchase payment gateway.
“They make 1,400,000 rubles a year while purchasing cash machines will cost them over 700,000», — Yampolskaya says.
“The fees the libraries charge for their services are very low. It costs 4 rubles to make a Xerox copy, 5 ruble to laminate, 19 rubles to brochure up to 25 pages”.
Source: "Book Industry"
Russian State Library has opened access to Scopus — Science Citation Database
Access to the largest science citation database, Scopus, is opened from Russian State Library’s reading rooms. The database comprises scientometric, bibliographic, and abstract information in every discipline.
Scopus isacriticalinstrumentforeasyandfastretrievalofresearchpapersinscience, technologyandthehumanities, forobtainingrelevantscientificinformationanditsassessment.
The database comprises:
· over 22,000 scientific journals published by 5,000 academic publishers throughout the world;
· over 28 m patents registered in the United States, Europe, and Japan;
· over 8 m papers presented at scientific conferences;
· approx. 145,000 booksandover 500 bookseries.
Federal libraries to work on Sundays?
Russian Academic Fund suggests that the federal libraries’ opening hours should be changed with staggering days-off on Mondays and Fridays. The RF Minister of Culture Vladimir Medinsky was forwarded the appropriate proposal, the Fund Press Service reports.
«The experts show their concern regarding accessibility of library collections for the academic community and researchers which is due to the federal libraries’ operating schedule”, — Russian Academic Fund officer said.
Now the libraries are closed on Sundays with early closing hours on Saturdays. It is also proposed to elongate operation hours of the largest libraries in Moscow, St. Petersburg and other Russian capital cities up to 22.00 on weekdays and up to 21.00 on weekends.
Libraries get the right to show movies without obtaining distribution certificates
On July 29, 2017, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the Federal Law «On introducing the amendment to the Article 51 “On the government support of cinematography in the Russian Federation”».
In accordance with the document, the museums, galleries, social and cultural centers, clubs, metropolitan recreation parks, libraries, archives, research and academic institution are permitted to show films in the public domain and created on the territory of the former Russian Empire, or the USSR, within the state borders of the Russian Federation, will not have to obtain distribution certificates for these films to do so.
Russian Press Distributors Association and Booksellers Guild signed an agreement on cooperation
On May 16, 2017, the meeting of the non-profit partnerships Russian Press Distributors Association and Booksellers Guild was held.
Boris Yesenkin, Booksellers Guild President, M.Kharkova, Booksellers Guild Executive Director, L. V. Vedenyeva Executive Director of BiblioGlobus-affiliated Info-BG, A. V. Oskin, RPDA CEO, S. V. Pristavkina, RPDA Working Group coordinator, took part in the meeting.
Boris Yesenkin addressed the participants. He said that the processes of deterioration of the Russian book industry were strengthening, young generation’s literacy level was decreasing, the contacts with printed word were missing due to Internet and decreasing number of bookstores. Under these circumstances, the speaker said, innovative approaches are needed along with an analytical system to preserve the national book industry. Coordination board has to be established on the basis of the Russian Book Chamber (ITAR-TASS affiliate) to embrace book publishers’, distributors, authors, federal authorities, libraries and other government and public organizations who contribute to the regulation of the book industry’s various sectors, he said. “Russia needs to develop and adopt the integrated national program to support book publishing and distribution”, — Boris Yesenkin said. — We have to revise the attitude towards book publishing”. Biblio-Globus bookstore in Moscow is a multifunctional, cultural and social center where customers buy books of various types and genres, use information services, visit the coffee shop or may even talk to the all-knowing robot that would point to where to find a desirable book. “Russian bookstores have to become multifunctional centers, — Boris Yesenkin said, — So the customer come back again and again.”
BRICS states established Library Cooperation Alliance
The Libraries of BRICS countries (Brazil, India, Russia, China, South Africa) will cooperate within the Cooperation Alliance on which they signed the protocol on July 6, 2017, at the second meeting of the ministers of culture.
‘Libraries, being a significant platform for cultural heritage, play a critical role in cultural exchanges. International cooperation and communication between libraries have been continuously intensifying… Against this background, the libraries in each of the countries must enjoy every possible advantage of their resources and to establish the library alliance to promote document resources and to exchange them’ — the signed document says.
To coordinate the multilateral activities, Alliance Council is to be established, with 5 members representing each of five BRICS countries. The Council will initiate joint projects and define their agenda, monitor their progress. Chair is to be elected for three years to provide rotation.
Muscovites took home over 130,000 old library books
Since the launch of the “Written-off Books” portal, Muscovites took home from libraries over 130,000 old or unpopular books, as RG was informed by Moscow Administration of Cultural Centers.
The portal was launched on June 6, the Day of the Russian Language. In three weeks, over 22,000 people used the service. The youngest is 8 years old and the oldest user is 95! Muscovites have reserved over 165,000 books, with 130,000 already taken home. Most often, the libraries give away the Soviet-era publications of 1980-1980-ies and books published in 1990-ies. The readers are most interested in fiction, books in natural sciences, arts, children’s literature, encyclopedias and dictionaries. The most popular authors are Leo Tolstoy, Alexander Pushkin, Vladimir Lenin, Anton Chekhov, Ivan Turgenev. Most of old jean books were taken by residents of North-Western and Southern Moscow Districts, most of them are young people who are Internet-users and reserve books online. Nevertheless, the senior users may not use the Internet-service and just come in person and reserve it through librarians.
‘Reset of Moscow Oblast Libraries’— priority of the regional Ministry of Culture
‘New technologies and rush of our life calls for new approaches towards libraries of Moscow Oblast. The task of the project is to provide, by the year 2018, environment for libraries modernization and dynamic increase in its use by 20 per cent, ’ — Okasana Kosareva, Moscow Region Minister of Culture, said.
The pilot project embraces 10 libraries: in Dmitrov, Klin, Leninsky, Chekhov, Sergie-Posad districts, and in municipal districts of Dzerzhinsky, Dubna, Reutov, Krasnoznamensk, and Elektrostal.
Within the project, the preliminary work is completed to implement the Unified Information System of Library Collections Control — Common Library Portal (www.bibliomo.ru). Based on one-stop shop principle, the portal provides all users of Moscow region libraries with the access to the union OPAC and the unique collection of digitized publications in local studies. The collection numbers 10,000 entries. The union e-library numbers over 800,000 entries.
The Reset project envisages introduction of special software and digital RFID user cards at 68 central libraries of Moscow region. Fifty library professionals were retrained for this purpose. Over 2,500 users have already got their new cards.
Within the program “Efficient Government” for 2017, 27.86 mln rubles has been allocated to this project.
Modern libraries need not just software, OPACs but also comfortable and functional space for reading, friends’ meetings, or users’ having a cup of coffee. It’s a hub to offer exhibitions, lectures, workshops, master classes, concerts meetings, where modern trends meet traditions. To develop such space and environment, the Ministry of Culture [of Moscow Region] and Main Department for Architecture and Urban Planning of Moscow Region announced the contest of design projects for the libraries. The best concept of library space modernization was to be chosen: signature style, brand, functional solution, interior and exterior design and architecture.
Of 45 applications, three projects were chosen to be realized by the late 2017 in the cities of Khimki, Odintsovo and Verbilky.
The National Library of Udmurtia is on the verge of disaster
The biggest and oldest Udmurt library — The National Library of the Udmurt Republic has to quarter at basements and underground premises where the rarest copies and classic publications are deteriorating.
The creative community and book lovers approached an Acting President of Udmurt Republic with the open letter.
It reads, “There happens to be loud barbarism – usually it is somewhere far away, [for example] the war when Palmira is being ruined. But the quiet barbarism is nearby, and it is silenced. Sadly, the example is our Republic where for several years, the National Library and its unique collections remain in a disastrous state: 1.5 mln books, of them over 74,000 – national publications and documents in local studies…. We require that the issue of the historical building reconstruction or erecting a new one is considered, money to be allocated for this purpose and the community is informed on the dates of work, and the topic is covered in the Republican mass media. No action taken will soon result in the loss of the rare book collections’.
The letter was published on Facebook, and in several days, 275 users signed it. In fact, almost 250 of them were surprised that ‘Leninka’ (Udmurt Republican Library keeps this name in the public perception) had not been reconstructed for the moment. They thought that somewhere within the empty building the works were in full swing, and on the day of its anniversary the Library would open its doors to users.
The All-Russian People’s Front joined the action. Its regional activists have been preparing the queries to be forwarded to the Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Construction and Prosecution Office.
The space of knowledge and opportunities
Irina Mikhnova, Director of Russian State Library for Young Adults, speculates on the role of the libraries for the young in the modern world.
The 2017 Night at the Library action is finished. As in the previous years, various social groups came to public libraries (over 38,000 in Russia) – young and senior citizens, those living in big cities and in the country, passionate readers and those who had not turned a page for a long time… Again we get the chance to see that libraries are still in demand.
In the recent years, state authorities have been demonstrating their sincere interest towards libraries (sometimes making attempts “to optimize” culture funding, and sometimes upgrading and building new libraries), as well as mass media keeping calling libraries, though quite sympathetically, “book depositaries’, or public figures occasionally defending a library. Finally, those people who are not users themselves, send their children and grandchildren to libraries.
For the recent 10 years, my professional interest focus on the libraries for young adults, teenagers, children’s and combined libraries. During the Soviet era, there were a lot of such libraries in the country. In 1990ies and 2000s, the national policy [in the field] was just under formation and the libraries went through hard times when the authorities and society did not pay much attention to their very existence.
Today, it is accepted that the role of young people in building to aggregate human capital of the country is too high to ignore it.
In many cities, new libraries for young adults are being established - the population needs them, and local authorities satisfy this demand. Even the “adult” libraries allot space, resources and organize activities to attract young users.
The very fact, that decision-making government officials often do not understand the specific character of this age group of users (14 to 30 year old) impacts negatively on the advance or even existence of such libraries. Still, the young people have been conquering library space: thanking to or in spite of circumstances. Ten years ago, the Russian State Library for Yong Adults had 40 user visitors a day, and now, after it was modernized, it welcomes up to 800 people a day, and up to 1,200 people during the exams.